PHP – `php.ini` file for Apache and PHP CLI (command line) is NOT the same

Today, after spending 3 days (yes 3 days!) trying to install PHPUnit on my Windows 7 machine, I realize that `php.ini` used by the PHP CLI is not the same with Apache server.

Quoted from Danial Brown from “If there’s no php.ini file in the path it’s checking, it’ll just
use the internal defaults.  You may not have a php.ini file anywhere
on your system, which is okay if you don’t need to do any tuning.”

And from Stephen “If you have one, it is likely in: <php>\php.ini”

So, I just write this down so as we can find it on the internet when we run into PHP-related installation like this. Hope that you would find it helpful!



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Mysql Command-line Options

mysql –help

mysql  Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.5.8, for Win32 (x86)
Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

Usage: mysql [OPTIONS] [database]
  -?, –help          Display this help and exit.
  -I, –help          Synonym for -?
  –auto-rehash       Enable automatic rehashing. One doesn’t need to use
                      ‘rehash’ to get table and field completion, but startup
                      and reconnecting may take a longer time. Disable with
                      (Defaults to on; use –skip-auto-rehash to disable.)
  -A, –no-auto-rehash
                      No automatic rehashing. One has to use ‘rehash’ to get
                      table and field completion. This gives a quicker start of
                      mysql and disables rehashing on reconnect.
                      Automatically switch to vertical output mode if the
                      result is wider than the terminal width.
  -B, –batch         Don’t use history file. Disable interactive behavior.
                      (Enables –silent.)
                      Directory for character set files.
  –column-type-info  Display column type information.
  -c, –comments      Preserve comments. Send comments to the server. The
                      default is –skip-comments (discard comments), enable
                      with –comments.
  -C, –compress      Use compression in server/client protocol.
  -#, –debug[=#]     This is a non-debug version. Catch this and exit.
  –debug-check       Check memory and open file usage at exit.
  -T, –debug-info    Print some debug info at exit.
  -D, –database=name Database to use.
                      Set the default character set.
  –delimiter=name    Delimiter to be used.
  -e, –execute=name  Execute command and quit. (Disables –force and history file.)
  -E, –vertical      Print the output of a query (rows) vertically.
  -f, –force         Continue even if we get an SQL error.
  -G, –named-commands
                      Enable named commands. Named commands mean this program’s
                      internal commands; see mysql> help . When enabled, the
                      named commands can be used from any line of the query,
                      otherwise only from the first line, before an enter.
                      Disable with –disable-named-commands. This option is
                      disabled by default.
  -i, –ignore-spaces Ignore space after function names.
  –init-command=name SQL Command to execute when connecting to MySQL server.
                      Will automatically be re-executed when reconnecting.
  –local-infile      Enable/disable LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE.
  -b, –no-beep       Turn off beep on error.
  -h, –host=name     Connect to host.
  -H, –html          Produce HTML output.
  -X, –xml           Produce XML output.
  –line-numbers      Write line numbers for errors.
                      (Defaults to on; use –skip-line-numbers to disable.)
  -L, –skip-line-numbers
                      Don’t write line number for errors.
  -n, –unbuffered    Flush buffer after each query.
  –column-names      Write column names in results.
                      (Defaults to on; use –skip-column-names to disable.)
  -N, –skip-column-names
                      Don’t write column names in results.
  –sigint-ignore     Ignore SIGINT (CTRL-C).
  -o, –one-database  Only update the default database. This is useful for
                      skipping updates to other database in the update log.
  -p, –password[=name]
                      Password to use when connecting to server. If password is
                      not given it’s asked from the tty.
  -W, –pipe          Use named pipes to connect to server.
  -P, –port=#        Port number to use for connection or 0 for default to, in
                      order of preference, my.cnf, $MYSQL_TCP_PORT,
                      /etc/services, built-in default (3306).
  –prompt=name       Set the mysql prompt to this value.
  –protocol=name     The protocol to use for connection (tcp, socket, pipe,
  -q, –quick         Don’t cache result, print it row by row. This may slow
                      down the server if the output is suspended. Doesn’t use
                      history file.
  -r, –raw           Write fields without conversion. Used with –batch.
  –reconnect         Reconnect if the connection is lost. Disable with
                      –disable-reconnect. This option is enabled by default.
                      (Defaults to on; use –skip-reconnect to disable.)
  -s, –silent        Be more silent. Print results with a tab as separator,
                      each row on new line.
                      Base name of shared memory.
  -S, –socket=name   The socket file to use for connection.
  –ssl               Enable SSL for connection (automatically enabled with
                      other flags).
  –ssl-ca=name       CA file in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies
  –ssl-capath=name   CA directory (check OpenSSL docs, implies –ssl).
  –ssl-cert=name     X509 cert in PEM format (implies –ssl).
  –ssl-cipher=name   SSL cipher to use (implies –ssl).
  –ssl-key=name      X509 key in PEM format (implies –ssl).
                      Verify server’s "Common Name" in its cert against
                      hostname used when connecting. This option is disabled by
  -t, –table         Output in table format.
  –tee=name          Append everything into outfile. See interactive help (\h)
                      also. Does not work in batch mode. Disable with
                      –disable-tee. This option is disabled by default.
  -u, –user=name     User for login if not current user.
  -U, –safe-updates  Only allow UPDATE and DELETE that uses keys.
  -U, –i-am-a-dummy  Synonym for option –safe-updates, -U.
  -v, –verbose       Write more. (-v -v -v gives the table output format).
  -V, –version       Output version information and exit.
  -w, –wait          Wait and retry if connection is down.
  –connect-timeout=# Number of seconds before connection timeout.
                      The maximum packet length to send to or receive from
                      The buffer size for TCP/IP and socket communication.
  –select-limit=#    Automatic limit for SELECT when using –safe-updates.
  –max-join-size=#   Automatic limit for rows in a join when using
  –secure-auth       Refuse client connecting to server if it uses old
                      (pre-4.1.1) protocol.
  –server-arg=name   Send embedded server this as a parameter.
  –show-warnings     Show warnings after every statement.
  –plugin-dir=name   Directory for client-side plugins.
  –default-auth=name Default authentication client-side plugin to use.

Default options are read from the following files in the given order:
C:\Windows\my.ini C:\Windows\my.cnf C:\my.ini C:\my.cnf C:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.5.8\my.ini C:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.5.8\my.cnf
The following groups are read: mysql client
The following options may be given as the first argument:
–print-defaults        Print the program argument list and exit.
–no-defaults           Don’t read default options from any option file.
–defaults-file=#       Only read default options from the given file #.
–defaults-extra-file=# Read this file after the global files are read.

Variables (–variable-name=value)
and boolean options {FALSE|TRUE}  Value (after reading options)
——————————— —————————————-
auto-rehash                       FALSE
auto-vertical-output              FALSE
character-sets-dir                (No default value)
column-type-info                  FALSE
comments                          FALSE
compress                          FALSE
debug-check                       FALSE
debug-info                        FALSE
database                          (No default value)
default-character-set             auto
delimiter                         ;
vertical                          FALSE
force                             FALSE
named-commands                    FALSE
ignore-spaces                     FALSE
init-command                      (No default value)
local-infile                      FALSE
no-beep                           FALSE
host                              (No default value)
html                              FALSE
xml                               FALSE
line-numbers                      TRUE
unbuffered                        FALSE
column-names                      TRUE
sigint-ignore                     FALSE
port                              3306
prompt                            mysql>
quick                             FALSE
raw                               FALSE
reconnect                         TRUE
shared-memory-base-name           (No default value)
socket                            /tmp/mysql.sock
ssl                               FALSE
ssl-ca                            (No default value)
ssl-capath                        (No default value)
ssl-cert                          (No default value)
ssl-cipher                        (No default value)
ssl-key                           (No default value)
ssl-verify-server-cert            FALSE
table                             FALSE
user                              (No default value)
safe-updates                      FALSE
i-am-a-dummy                      FALSE
connect-timeout                   0
max-allowed-packet                16777216
net-buffer-length                 16384
select-limit                      1000
max-join-size                     1000000
secure-auth                       FALSE
show-warnings                     FALSE
plugin-dir                        (No default value)
default-auth                      (No default value)

The End.

How to run mysql script from command line with unicode/utf8 encode

Source: SO Discussion

From command line with `administrator right/privilege` and `mysql.exe` in your known-system-paths, execute the below command.

mysql -e "source Path/to/your/script.sql" YourDbName -u YourUser
      –p YourPass

See more options on mysql commands here.

Hope this is helpful to you!


Skype Built-in Features that I didn’t think they exists

The “hidden” features are:

  1. Turn off pencil animation while typing (#3)
  2. Paste as plain text/copied-message (#4 marked in screen-shot)

image    2011-04-19 23h49_19

2011-04-19 23h48_42

Hope this is helpful to you!


Cool External Diff/Merge Tool used for Visual Studio 2010 and TortoiseSVN

Among the diff/merge tools I’ve used, I am impressed the most with SourceGear DiffMerge tool. The SO community also recommended it.

I’ve been working with .Net & open-source technologies – the source-code management client-tool I used is Visual Studio and TortoiseSVN. Here’s how we configure these two tools to work with DiffMerge.

DiffMerge used in Visual Studio 2010

Open Visual Studio options by Tools-Options and open the `Source Control – Visual Studio Team Foundation Server` section.
Then, use the below DiffMerge execution syntax in textbox 3rd in the screenshot. Note that <DiffMerge.exe> stands for path to DiffMerge execution file location.

<DiffMerge.exe> /title1=%6 /title2=%7 %1 %2


<DiffMerge.exe> /title1=%6 /title2=%8 /title3=%7 /result=%4 %1 %3 %2

2011-04-19 13h18_29

2011-04-19 13h16_20

DiffMerge used in TortoiseSVN

Open Tortoise setting and open the `External Programs` section.
Then, use the below DiffMerge execution syntax in textbox 3rd in the screenshot.

<DiffMerge.exe> /title1=%yname /title2=%bname %mine %base


<DiffMerge.exe> /title1=%yname /title2=%bname /title3=tname /result=%merged %mine %base %theirs


Hope this is helpful to you!


Reduce your internet Dropbox bandwidth using `Selective Sync`

When we use Dropbox, with large files, synchronization between the client and server is quite slow. Dropbox now supports storage on server without synchronization on client, i.e. we can choose which files/folders to be synchronized.

First right click icon dropbox in system tray, select click `Preferences…`


Then, select ` Advanced` and click button `Selective Sync…`


Then, uncheck those folders that you don’t want to sync to client and click button `Update` to finish.


Hope that helps!